Sodium Phenylacetate

Sodium phenylacetate is the sodium salt form of phenylacetate with ammonia detoxifying activity. Sodium phenylacetate is used as adjunctive treatment for acute hyperammonemia and associated encephalopathy in patients with enzymatic deficiencies in the urea cycle. Urea cycle disorders can result from decreased activity of any of the following enzymes - Nacetylglutamate synthetase (NAGS), carbamyl phosphate synthetase (CPS), argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS), ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC), argininosuccinate lyase (ASL), or arginase (ARG). Sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate are metabolically active compounds that can serve as alternatives to urea for the excretion of waste nitrogen. Phenylacetate conjugates with glutamine in the liver and kidneys to form phenylacetylglutamine, via acetylation. Phenylacetylglutamine is excreted by the kidneys via glomerular filtration and tubular secretion. The nitrogen content of phenylacetylglutamine per mole is identical to that of urea (both contain two moles of nitrogen). Two moles of nitrogen are removed per mole of phenylacetate when it is conjugated with glutamine. Similarly, preceded by acylation, benzoate conjugates with glycine to form hippuric acid, which is rapidly excreted by the kidneys by glomerular filtration and tubular secretion. One mole of hippuric acid contains one mole of waste nitrogen. Thus, one mole of nitrogen is removed per mole of benzoate when it is conjugated with glycine.

Affygility Solutions has an occupational exposure limit (OEL) and control band assignment for this active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). This monograph also contains the acceptable daily exposure (ADE) value.

Sodium Phenylacetate

CAS Registry Number:
114-70-5
Trade names:
Ammonul®, Ucephan®
Cost:
$639 USD

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Why do you need this OEL Fastrac monograph?

OEL Fastrac monographs are a cost-effective and convenient way to meet the requirements for PDEs (ADEs) contained in the EMA Guideline on setting health based exposure limits for use in risk identification in the manufacture of different medicinal products in shared facilities (EMA/CHMP/CVMP/SWP/169430/2012), and to obtain the following information:

  • The numerical OEL and control band assignment needed to determine the level of required engineering controls and personal protective equipment
  • A listing of all cited references utilized in the derivation of the OEL and ADE
  • An expert review and discussion with respect to the critical endpoints of concern, the rationale for the choice of endpoints, and dose that is to be used in the derivation of the ADE (PDE), as required by the EMA's Guideline on setting health-based exposure limits for use in risk identification in the manufacture of different medicinal products in shared facilities

Benefits of OEL Fastrac monographs

  • Fully documented. 10-12 pages in length, with calculations and cited references.
  • Save time! Unsurpassed delivery with instant download.
  • Save money. Similar documents cost 5-12 times as much.
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To order an OEL/ADE monograph for Sodium Phenylacetate, just click the ADD TO CART button.

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  • K. Rosenthal
  • Director of Manufacturing
  • Pharmatek Laboratories